General Information About Pamukkale & Hierapolis

A brief travel information about Pamukkale & Hierapolis, online maps, videos, tourist attractions, museums,  mosques, historical sites, old churches, sightseeing places and more...

Pamukkale, meaning "cotton castle" in Turkish, is a natural site in Denizli Province in southwestern Turkey. Shaped by the hand of nature and extant since the ancient times, Pamukkale is one of the world's most outstanding legacies.  The area is famous for a carbonate mineral left by the flowing of thermal spring water. The site is comprised of terraces and travertine formed by hot springs and streams depositing carbonate minerals; you will be amazed with the dazzling white Pamukkale travertine terraces. The water from these springs ranges in temperature from 35-100°C (95-212°F) so it’s been used as a spa since the second century BC. Pamukkale’s waters believed to have curative powers and been used as a thermal bath since centuries. 

Pamukkale has also become a crucial site to Christianity after one of the apostles of Jesus, St Phillip, was murdered in this city. To preserve their appearance, tourists are asked to remove their footwear and follow a set pathway, along which are shallow pools where you can dip your feet whilst crossing the travertines.  Noted for its extraordinary characteristics, the ancient site has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.


Located near to Pamukkale, Hierapolis is an ancient cite that attracts worldwide attention for its majestic buildings and monuments. Once a Roman and Byzantine spa city, it has considerable ruins and a museum. The ancient Greco-Roman city of Hierapolis was built on top of the travertine formation which can even be seen from the hills on the opposite side of the valley in the town of Denizli, 20 km away.

The ancient city was built in 200 BC by Eumenes II. He built it in dedication to the Amazon Queen Hiera, wife of Telephos the founder of Pergamum. It lost its Hellenistic facade due to a series of earthquakes; however, it gained a new facade reflecting the influences of Roman architecture during the reconstruction period. The large necropolis is filled with sarcophagi, most famously that of Marcus Aurelius Ammianos, which bears a relief depicting the earliest known example of a crank and rod mechanism. The great baths were constructed with huge stone blocks without the use of cement and consisted of various closed or open sections linked together.

Cleopatra’s pool (Antique Pool)
Pamukkale Antique Pool, famously known as Cleopatra’s pool, is the perfect stop to alleviate those exhausted travel muscles in mineral-rich hot spring water. It is said that the pool was one of the favorite places of Cleopatra, the former queen of Egypt. You get to paddle amongst centuries-old columns and marble blocks which apparently, they fell into the pool during an earthquake and nobody removed them since then.

Paragliding over Pamukkale
There are companies there that offer tandem paragliding over Pamukkale and Hierapolis. Even if you are not a thrill seeker, just watching the paragliders’ and bright colors striking against the white and blue of the terraces, it will feel like giant butterflies are floating across the sky.


Pamukkale & Hierapolis Transportation

There are many ways to get to Pamukkale depending on where you’re coming from. You can reach Pamukkale by car, bus, train or airplane. It makes a great overnight stop as you travel between İzmir, Selçuk, Ephesus, Kuşadası or Marmaris and Antalya or Konyaand Cappadocia.

From Istanbul: There are direct flights from Istanbul to to Denizli Çardak (DNZ) which is the nearest airport to Pamukkale. Denizli Çardak Airport is about an hour from the city so a taxi will be expensive. The cheapest option would be to go by airport shuttle bus* from the airport to Denizli city’s otogar (bus station). From the otogar, you can then catch a minibus to Pamukkale. Minibuses depart for Pamukkale every 15-20 minutes; which will drop you off on the main street in Pamukkale.

From Selçuk (Ephesus): The cheapest and most reliable way to travel from Selçuk to Pamukkale is by train. The train from Selçuk to Denizli takes a little over three hours. Soon as you arrive at the gar (train station) in Denizli, walk over to the otogar which is on the other side of the highway and take a minibus to Pamukkale as described above. You can take a bus from Selçuk to Denizli as well. Though comfortable, they sometimes wait to fill up their buses with passengers so the three-hour ride can take much longer.

From Cappadocia: There are no direct flights from Cappadocia to Denizli so your best bet would be to go by overnight bus. Which isn’t such a bad thing since Turkey’s buses are very modern and comfortable. A direct bus ride from Cappadocia to Denizli is long, around ten hours, so it’s best that you take an overnight bus. They usually depart around 8 p.m  and arrive the next day at 6 a.m. You can purchase your tickets at the station itself. If you’ll be traveling during peak season, it might be better to reserve your tickets beforehand.


Pamukkale & Hierapolis Travel Map



Pamukkale & Hierapolis Travel Activities

Pamukkale & Hierapolis Daily Tours

Daily Pamukkale & Hierapolis Tours and Excursions
Daily Pamukkale & Hierapolis tours and excursions from Kusadasi, Selcuk and Izmir  by reputable travel agency of Turkey. Tours are operated in English and Spanish.

Pamukkale & Ephesus - Everyday Tour from Istanbul by Plane (2 Days-1 Night)
Flights from/to Istanbul, hotel transfers, 1 night accommodation in 4 star hotels , English speaking tour guides, entrance fees, some meals . 2 full day tours of Ephesus and Pamukkale.
Click here for more details about this tour.
Click here for other Turkey tour packages with Pamukkale


Pamukkale & Hierapolis Hotels


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