During both the Hellenistic and Roman periods Ephesus was the most
important port and cultural center of the eastern world. The remains of the
city are still spellbinding today. Of all the ancient cities of Turkey,
Ephesus is the best preserved and most visited in all ages and is as
popular as it was in ancient times. This is due to the miraculous discovery
of the House of the Virgin Mary. The city had splendid buildings and was
dedicated to the Goddess Artemis, whose temple was considered one of the
Seven Wonders of the World. The main monuments that we will see during the
visit of this fascinating city are: the street of Arcadiane, the majestic
theatre, marble road, library of Celsus, market place street of the
Curettes, baths of Scholastic state agora, prytaneion, odeon. The town of
Seljuk, is dominated by a Byzantine citadel close to the basilica of St.
John built in the 5th century, on the site of tomb of the Apostle. Seljuk
has also an exceptionally fine archaeological museum.
The Artemis Temple was destroyed in 356BC, and when Alexander the Great passed through in 334 BC he offered to pay for the cost of a new construction, provided it was dedicated to him. The Ephesus people declined, and rebuilt it with great success.
When the Romans made Ephesus their provincial capital, it became a busy town with great commercial, trading and political importance, and a population that grew to around 250,000. A significant Christian community grew, and the city was visited by St John the Evangelist in the 1st century, then by St Paul, who was there between 51-53 AD and wrote some of his epistles. It was also the venue of two Ecumenical Councils.
But the success of Roman Ephesus began to dwindle, mainly because of problems connected to the harbour, which was the main source of trade. The Cayster River was pushing silt up the harbour and despite attempts to dredge it and rebuild the harbour, the sea was pushed back to Pamucak, 4km away, and therefore Ephesus lost its source of wealth. By the 6th century, the city was unliveable and was shifted near to St John’s Basilica, and by 1090 it was taken over by the Turks.
- Ephesus Tour from Istanbul by Plane (2 Days-1
Everyday departure from Istanbul
Flights from/to Istanbul, hotel transfers, 1 night accommodation in 4 star hotels , English speaking tour guides, entrance fees, some meals . 2 full day tours of Ephesus and Pamukkale.
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